Qigong therapy falls into two categories: internal qi therapy and outgoing-qi (waiqi) therapy. The former, as the term implies, refers to qigong practice by patients themselves to keep fit or to cure their own illnesses,while the latter is the skill of qigong adapted to treat patients by emitting qi from their bodies.
The terminology of the latter is rather diversified. Besides outgoing-qi therapy (waiqi therapy), other terms include qigong therapy by emitting outgoing-qi, emitting-qi therapy, guiding-qi therapy, emitting-qi qigong, guiding-emitting-qi technique, distant qigong,distributing-qi therapy and, in an ancient term, "distributing qi". The therapy requires the qigong therapist to undergo a strict experience of training qi,guiding qi and emitting qi to get his intrinsic qi substantial and to facilitate his qi circulation all over his body before he can emit his genuine qi toward the channels and collaterals, the points or a certain location of the patient' s body surface to activate the patient's qi dredge the channels and collaterals ,balanced yin and yang, regulate qi and blood readjust solid and hollow in ternal organs (zang and fu organs), replenish deficiency and purge excess, and eventually, cure the illness. There were three general ideas of the term "distributing qi" in ancient China. One explanation was that the universe spread genuine qi to the human beings and all the things on earth. It is said in Su Wen — Tian Yuan Ji Da Lun (Plain Questions — Great Treatise on the Universe) that "qi of the Five Elements fills the universe which in turn spreads it to all things". Another explanation referred to the self qigong exercise through guiding qi to circulate inside the body of the practitioner. Duo Zang Jing Hua Ling - Xi Shan Qun Xian Hui Zhen Ji (Records of Essence Preservation by Taoists — Chronicles of Gathering of the Spirit Immortals on the Western Mountain) states, " A method of nourishing the body through distributing qi is to sit upright to facilitate the generation of qi and spread it all over the body to dredge all the channels and collaterals moisten and regulat the body" . The last explanation is almost identical with the modern idea, referring to the emission of internal qi by the versed qigong masters towards the patient to cure his illness. This doctrine monopolizes a great deal of records in ancient times. Jin Shu - Fang Ji Zluuin (The History of Jin Dynasty — Biography of Methods and Techniques), for example, says "Those engaged in Taoist studies and nourishment of qi are able to spread their internal qi 10 others when they are well nourished with qi? which is called ' distributing qi'".
In Chinese massage (Tuina) and acupuncture, stress is laid on the stimulating and regulating function of "strength" (force) to the organism, while in qigong outgoing-qi therapy, it is laid on the same function of "qi", which is often emitted by qigong therapists without the touch of his hand on the body surface of the patient. The combination of "strength" valued in Chinese massage or acupuncture and " qi" merited in qigong outgoing-qi therapy is termed in modern times as qigong-massage or qigong-acupuncture.
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