Electromagnetic Waves Scattering By Vegetation

2 Plant Modeling by Using L-Systems 644 2.1 Lindenmayer Systems 644 2.2 Turtle Interpretation of L-Systems 646 2.3 Computer Simulations of Stochastic L-Systems and Input Files 649 3 Scattering from Trees Generated by L-Systems Based on Coherent Addition Approximation 654 3.1 Single Scattering by a Particle in the Presence of Reflective Boundary 655 3.1.1 Electric Field and Dyadic Green's Function 655 3.1.2 Scattering by a Single Particle 656 3.2 Scattering by Trees 659 4 Coherent Addition...

References And Additional Readings

Smelyanskiy, S. Bindiganavale, and J. L. Volakis 1998 , Scattering from relatively flat surfaces using the adaptive integral method, Radio Sci., 33 1 , 7-16. Axline, R. M. and A. K. Fung 1978 , Numerical computation of scattering from a perfectly conducting random surface, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., 26 3 , 482-488. Belszynski, E., M. Belszynski, and T. Jaroszewicz 1994 , A fast integral-equation solver for electromagnetic scattering problems, IEEE Ant. and Propagat....

Angular Correlation Function And Detection Of Buried Object

2 Two-Dimensional Simulations of Angular Memory Effect and Detection of Buried Object 553 2.2 Simple and General Derivation of Memory Effect 553 2.3 ACF of Random Rough Surfaces with Different Averaging Methods 555 2.4 Scattering by a Buried Object Under a Rough Surface 557 3 Angular Correlation Function of Scattering by a Buried Object Under a 2-D Random Rough Surface 3.2 Formulation of Integral Equations 565 3.3 Statistics of Scattered Fields 570 3.4 Numerical Illustrations of ACF and PACF...

Random Rough Surface Simulations

1 Perfect Electric Conductor Non-Penetrable Surface 114 1.2 Matrix Equation Diriehlet Boundary Condition 1.3 Tapering of Incident Waves and Calculation of Scattered 1.4 Random Rough Surface Generation 124 1.4.1 Gaussian Rough Surface 124 1.4.2 Fractal Rough Surface 132 1.5 Neumann Boundary Condition MFIE for TM Case 134 2.2 Absorptivity, Emissivity and Reflectivity 141 2.3 Impedance Matrix Elements Numerical Integrations 143 2.4 Simulation Results 145 2.4.1 Gaussian Surface and Comparisons with...

Threedimensional Wave Scattering From Twodimensional Rough Surfaces

1 Scattering by Non-Penetrable Media 270 1.1 Scalar Wave Scattering 270 1.1.1 Formulation and Numerical Method 270 1.1.2 Results and Discussion 273 1.1.3 Convergence of SMFSIA 277 1.2 Electromagnetic Wave Scattering by Perfectly Conducting Surfaces 278 1.2.1 Surface Integral Equation 278 1.2.2 Surface Integral Equation for Rough Surface Scattering 280 1.2.3 Computation Methods 281 1.2.4 Numerical Simulation Results 286 2 Integral Equations for Dielectric Surfaces 293 2.1 Electromagnetic Fields...