Dr. Yang, Jwing-Ming
YMAA Publication Center Boston, Mass. USA
YMAA Publication Center, Inc.
4354 Washington Street
Boston, Massachusetts, 02131
Copyright ©2003 by Dr. Yang, Jwing-Ming All rights reserved including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form.
Editor: Keith Brown and James O'Leary Cover Design: Tony Chee
Publisher's Cataloging in Publication
Yang, Jwing-Ming, 1946-
Qigpng meditation : embryonic breathing / Dr. Yang, Jwing-Ming.— 1st ed.—Boston, Mass. : YMAA Publication Center p. ;cm.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
LCCN: 2003111893 ISBN: 1-886969-73-6
1. Qi gong. 2. Tai chi. 3. Meditation. 4. Exercise. 5. Medicine, Chinese I. Title.
RA781.8.Y36 2003 2003111893
Anatomy drawings copyright ©1994 by TechPool Studios Corp. USA, 1463 Warrensville Center Road, Cleveland, OH 44121
Printed in Canada
The author and publisher of this material are NOT RESPONSIBLE in any manner whatsoever for any injury which may occur through reading or following the instructions in this manual. The activities, physical or otherwise, described in this material may be too strenuous or dangerous for some people, and the reader(s) should consult a physician before engaging in them.
Printed in Canada.
Romanization of Chinese Terms viii
About the Author xi
Foreword by Dr. Thomas G. Gutheil, m.d xvii
Part I Foundations fti-
Chapter 1 General Concepts
1.1 Introduction 3
1.2 General Qigong Concepts -liH^A^ 6
1.3 The Network of Qi Vessels and Channels 31
1.4 Buddhist and Daoist Qigong Concepts ftf^iil^fi^fe^ 38
1.5 Four Refinements 43
1.6 Five Regulatings 63
1.7 Muscle/Tendon Changing and Marrow/Brain Washing Qigong
1.8 Small Circulation, Grand Circulation, and Enlightenment Meditation
1.9 Definition of Embryonic Breathing lêjjL-^^il 94
1.10 Embryonic Breathing and Cultivation of the Dao 97
1.11 About This Book 102
Chapter 2 Theoretical Foundation of Embryonic Breathing â
2.1 Introduction 107
2.2 Human Qigong Science 113
2.3 Theoretical Foundations of Embryonic Breathing 134
2.4 Meanings and Purposes of Meditation 144
Part II Translations and Commentaries of Ancient Documents Related to Embryonic Breathing ir^^Xik^Mi^^if#
Chapter 3 Translations and Commentaries of Ancient Documents
3.1 Introduction ft^S 155
3.4 Regulating the Breathing M 4 229
3.5 Regulating the Mind 241
3.6 Regulating the Spirit 267
3.7 Methods of Embryonic Breathing 287
3.8 Other Related Documents MX^ 306
Chapter 4 Summaries from Ancient Documents -¿"'R.^cJfc^j&M
4.1 Introduction frt® 313
4.2 Summaries of Important Points 314
Part III Practice of Embryonic Breathing ^t^^f
Chapter 5 Practice of Embryonic Breathing Jte&^tf
5.1 Introduction -fr^S 323
5.2 Preparation for Embryonic Breathing f^^-ff 324
5.3 Practice of Embryonic Breathing 329
5.4 Recovery from the Meditative State 343
Chapter 6 Conclusion 347
Appendix A Translation and Glossary of Chinese Terms
Index 131 385
Thanks to Tim Comrie for his photography and typesetting. Thanks to Erik Elsemans, Ciaran Harris, and Susan Bullowa for proofing the manuscript and contributing many valuable suggestions and discussions. Special thanks to Tony Richard Chee for the cover design, to Keith Brown for the first editing, and James O'Leary for final editing. Also, special thanks to Dr. Thomas G. Gutheil for his foreword.
This book uses the Pinyin romanization system of Chinese to English. Pinyin is standard in the People's Republic of China, and in several world organizations, including the United Nations. Pinyin, which was introduced in China in the 1950's, replaces the Wade-Giles and Yale systems. In some cases, the more popular spelling of a word may be used for clarity.
Some common conversions:
Pinyin Also Spelled As
Qigong Chi Kung
Qin Na Chin Na
Gongfu Kung Fu Taijiquan Tai Chi Chuan
For more information, please refer to The People's Republic of China: Administrative Atlas, The Reform of the Chinese Written Language, or a contemporary manual of style.
The author and publisher have taken the liberty of not italicizing words of foreign origin in this text. This decision was made to make the text easier to read. Please see the comprehensive glossary for definitions of Chinese words.
Foundations (Gen Ji)
Buddhists and Daoists who believe that the entire training depends on the individual's understanding. They believe that if a person could really understand the training process, he would be able to reach enlightenment in virtually no time at all. I am inclined to agree with these people. I have found that in virtually every area of endeavor, if a person knows the principles and studies them, he will find ways to reach the goal in a far shorter time than those who do not think and ponder about what they are doing.
To conclude this section, I would like to point out that what this book can teach you is how to do the first two stages of enlightenment or brain washing Qigong training, which can give you a long and healthy life. There are many documents about the first two stages of training, but very little is known about the last two stages of enlightenment training. However, I believe that if your desire is sincere and you keep your mind on your goal, you will understand what you need to do in order to reach the next level. Remember: no one can understand you better than yourself.
No matter what kind of Qigong you practice, either Internal Elixir (Nei Dan, or External Elixir (Wai Dan, if), there are normally five regulating processes involved in reaching the final goal of practice. These regulating processes are: regulating the body (Tiao Shen, regulating the breathing (Tiao Xi, t^.!!), regulating the emotional mind (Tiao Xin, f^-ci), regulating the Qi (Tiao Qi, tSKL) and regulating the spirit (Tiao Shen, These five regulatings are commonly called
Before discussing them you should first understand the word Tiao ) which I translate as "regulating." Tiao is constructed of two words, Yan (5") which means "speaking" or "negotiating" and Zhou (M) which means "to be complete," "to be perfect," or "to be round." Therefore, the meaning of Tiao means to adjust or to tune up until it is complete and harmonious with others. It is just like tuning a piano so it can be harmonized with others. Tiao means to coordinate, to cooperate, and to harmonize with others by continuing adjustment. That means all of the five items, body, breathing, mind, Qi, and Shen, need to be regulated with each other until the final harmonious stage is reached.
The key to regulating is through self-feeling. You should know that feeling is the language of the mind and the body. Without feeling, we will not know if there is anything wrong with the body. The deeper and the more sensitively you are able to feel, the more profoundly you are able to regulate. Conversely, the deeper you are able to regulate, the more profoundly you can feel. Naturally, it will take a lot of effort and time to practice until your feeling can be profound and your regulating can reach the finest stage. This kind of inner feeling training is called Gongfu of self-internal-
observation (Nei Shi Gongfu, ft^^A) (i.e. internal feeling or awareness)) The higher your GongfU is, the deeper and more refined you are able to harmonize with others.
At the beginning of regulating, your mind is absorbed in regulating, to make the regulating happen. Therefore, it is not natural and smooth. The final stage of regulating is "regulating without regulating." In Chinese Qigong society, it is said: "The real regulating is without regulating."17 It is just like when you are learning how to drive a car, your mind is on the road, the steering wheel, the accelerator, the clutch, etc. This is the stage of regulating. However, after you have driven for a long time, your mind does not have to be regulating. In this stage, your are driving without driving. Everything will happen naturally and smoothly. It is the same for all five regulatings in Qigong. You must keep practicing until regulating is unnecessary. When this happens, your feeling can be profound.
Next, we will review these five regulatings briefly. We will also point out the importance of mutual coordination and harmonization. For more detail about these five regulatings, you may refer to the book, The Root of Chinese Qigong, published by YMAA.
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