Martial Arts

4354 Washington Street Boston, Massachusetts, 02131 Publisher's Cataloging in Publication Qigong for health & martial arts exercises and meditation author Jwing-Ming Yang. 2nd ed. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 1-886969-57-4 l.Ch'ikung. 2. Ch'i kung Therapeutic use. I. Title. All rights reserved including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form. Printed in Canada Figures 3-3, 3-4, 3-5, 3-6, 3-7, 3-8, 3-9, 3-12, and 3-13 modified by Sarah Noack....

Introduction

The Chinese have studied and developed the martial arts for more than four thousand years. In the beginning, only techniques using brute muscular power were trained. It was not until about 200 B.C., when the circulation of Qi and the use of acupuncture became well understood, that the martial application of Qi began. The attention devoted to it increased significantly when Da Mo's Wai Dan exercises were introduced at the Shaolin Temple in 536 A.D. Although the Yi Jin Jing exercise was intended...

Romanization of Chinese Words

YMAA Publication Center uses the Pinyin romanization system of Chinese to English. Pinyin is standard in the People's Republic of China, and in several world organizations, including the United Nations. Pinyin, which was introduced in China in the 1950's, replaces the Wade-Giles and Yale systems. Pinyin Also Spelled As Pronunciation Taijiquan Tai Chi Chuan tT je chiien For more information, please refer to The People's Republic of China Administrative Atlas, The Reform of the Chinese Written...

Shaolin Wai Dan Exercises

Wai Dan pronounced 'Why Dan, is the practice of increasing Qi circulation by stimulating one area of the body until a large energy potential builds up and flows through the Qi channel system. In Chinese, the term Wai Dan also signifies the alchemical elixir of life also called Jin Dan, ft , and it is probable that our use of the term derives from the alchemical usage. Most Chinese alchemical texts are products of the Daoists, who were a significant force in the development of Qigong, so it...

General Principles of Chinese Qigong

Ren Mai Meridian

In order to understand Qigong, you must understand several concepts. The first of theseJs i. Qi is the foundation of all Chinese medical theory and Qigong. It corresponds to the Greek pneuma and the Sanskrit prana, and is considered to be the vital force and energy flow in all living things. According to the experience of Qigong practitioners, Qi can be best explained as a type of energy very much like electricity, which flows through the human or animal body. When this circulation becomes...

Ymaa Wai Dan Qigong

General Introduction 1-2. Historical Survey of Chinese 1-3. General Principles of Chinese 1-4. Popular Martial Styles of Qigong Chapter 2. Wai Dan Qigong External Elixir 18 2-2. Principles of Wai Dan 2-3. Da Mo's Yi Jin Jing 2-4. Other Popular Wai Dan Chapter 3. Nei Dan Qigong Internal Elixir 64 3-2. Principles of Nei Dan 3-3. Nei Dan Meditation 3-4. Qi Enhancement and Transport 3-5. Massage and Exercises after Chapter 4. Qigong and 4-2. Chinese 4-3. 4-4. Massage and...

Cavity Press

Baihai Xue Acupuncture

The technique of Cavity Press Dian Xue, H is probably the highest accomplishment of Qigong in the martial arts. Ever since Qi was understood, martial artists have used various methods to affect an enemy's Qi, either instantly or with a delayed reaction, with the object of causing death, unconsciousness, stupefaction, or numbness of a body area. In the course of their research, Chinese martial artists have found 108 cavities that can be attacked. There are seventy-two that are considered minor...

Historical Survey of Chinese Qigong

The Postures

There are four major divisions or schools of Qigong practice and theory that have been developed by four groups the Confucians, the Physicians, the Buddhist and Daoist monks, and the Chinese martial artists. These groups are not mutually exclusive. For example, a physician studying the workings of Qi might also be a Confucian or Daoist. However, the works we have are usually identifiable as belonging to one particular group. The Confucians were primarily interested in the workings of human...

Preface

Gongfu Kung Fu, A in Chinese means an achievement or activity that requires time, energy, and patience. Qigong Chi Kung, pronounced chee goong means the Gongfu of internal energy circulation. Qi amp has been known for more than a decade by the Western world, but it remains a mysterious concept to most Westerners, and even to many Qigong practitioners. Many people have experienced health benefits from Qigong, although very few of them really understand the principles or theory behind it, the...

Other Medical Qigong Practices for Good Health

Swingin Arms China Cure

Swinging the Arms Bai Bi if In the last fifty years an exercise based on the principles of the Yi Jin Jing gt b 55 M. has become popular. Although the exercise is very simple, the results in strengthening the body and curing illnesses are significant. Theoretically, when you repeatedly swing your arms, the nerves and Qi channels in the shoulder joints are stimulated to a higher state, and this Qi will flow to the areas of lower potential to complete the circulation. Because a number of the Qi...

Conclusion

The author hopes that this book will help to set you on the right path of Qigong research and development, and will dispel some of the mystery and confusion which still shroud this art. This book can be only a beginning. It is now up to you to practice and research for yourself. The information in this book will enable you to lay a good foundation in energy development. Space has limited the presentation of the martial applications of Qigong, but the author hopes to publish more information on...

Lfc

Xingyiquan is practiced at a fast speed, although with the muscles first relaxed and then tensed, and power is developed and concentrated in the Dan Tian fr . If you are interested in studying more about Xingyiquan, please refer to the book Hsing Yi Chuan, available from YM A Publication Center. According to tradition, Liu He Ba Fa amp A- amp was created during the Song dynasty 960-1280 A.D., 4 1 by Chen Bo , a hermit living on Hua Shan Mount Hua, It combines the strategy and techniques of...

Golden Bell Cover or Iron Shirt

Chinese martial artists often demonstrate their ability by bending an iron bar pressed into their throats. They do this by concentrating Qi at the spot the bar is pressing. This is a spectacular way of demonstrating the results of a martial Qigong training system called Iron Shirt Tie Bu Shan, ife or Golden Bell Cover Jin Zhong Zhao, it . The reason for these names is that the training will enable a person to resist a blow or punch without injury or pain, as though he or she were wearing an...

Sealing the Vein and Sealing the Breath

Strictly speaking, sealing the vein can also be classified as a cavity press because the vein is sealed by striking a cavity However, Chinese martial artists consider it separately from cavity press because the injury principle is different. The objective of sealing the vein is to cause unconsciousness or even death by stopping the flow of blood to the head, cutting off the oxygen supply to the brain. Therefore, the cavities used for sealing the vein are mainly located in the neck. There are...

Massage and Rubbing

Acupuncture Points Around The Neck

People have always instinctively rubbed sore muscles and other painful areas to ease their pain and to help the sore muscle recover more quickly. Long ago it was found that this kind of rubbing can also cure a number of disorders such as headaches, joint pain, and an uneasy stomach, and that simple rubbing can even strengthen weakened organs. The therapeutic effects of massage are known world-wide. The Japanese have used acupressure, which is derived from Chinese massage, for centuries. The...

General Introduction

Qigong a so called Nei Gong Internal Gongfu, rtifr , is a practice that has been used by the Chinese people for thousands of years both to improve and maintain their health and to develop greater power for the martial arts. Gong iii means work in Chinese, and Qi is the energy that circulates within the body, so Qigong means the cultivation of the body's energy to increase and control its circulation. Although it has been widely practiced for a very long time, many people are confused about...

Principles of Nei Dan Qigong

Ming Men Mai

As was explained before, the method in which Qi is generated in the Dan Tian or Qihai and then guided by the mind to circulate through the entire body is called Nei Dan. The location of the Dan Tian is about one and a half inches directly below the navel. The name Dan Tian means Field of Elixir and is used by Daoist meditators. The name Qihai is used by acupuncturists and means Sea of Qi. The Dan Tian is considered to be the original source of a person's energy, because the embryo uses the...

How To Build Up Qi

Mountain Meditation

Nei Dan pronounced Nay Dan literally means internal elixir. It is a training method in which Qi is generated in the abdomen and then guided by the mind throughout the body. As was explained in chapter 1, when the muscles are exercised, Qi and blood accumulate in the area of the body being exercised. When the muscles are then relaxed, the channels open wide and allow the accumulated energy to flow from the area that was exercised and circulate throughout the body. This exercising with exterior...

Massage and Exercises after Meditation

Taoist Massage Beat The Heavenly Drum

After meditation or Qi transport training, you should massage yourself and do some loosening up exercises. The main purpose of massage is to loosen and relax the muscles on the Qi pathways. This can help you to clear your mind, and can also help to eliminate any Qi residue that might remain in certain cavities. This residue of stagnant Qi, if left in the cavities, can affect normal Qi circulation and cause muscle and cavity pain. If a partner is available, it is best to massage each other,...

Nei Dan Meditation Training

Flow The Body Tai Chi Chuan

Small Circulation Xiao Zhou Tian -V ffl Meditation Breathing. The first and most important step for effective meditation is proper breathing. There are two basic methods in use in Chinese meditation Daoist and Buddhist. Daoist breathing, also known as Reverse Breathing Fan Hu Xi, amp . f '-5. , is used to prepare the Qi for circulation, and its proper development is crucial. In Daoist breathing the normal movement of the lower abdomen is reversed during inhalation and exhalation. Instead of...

Acupuncture

Four Season Jing Five Elements

In this section, we will discuss how acupuncture is used, and why it works. Since Qigong exercises and Qi circulation theory are based on the results of acupuncture research, this summary will help you understand the theory of Qigong exercises. In order to understand acupuncture, you should know what Jing amp and Luo amp are. Then you should understand their function in the body, and their relationship to health. Jing and Luo are the Qi channels that connect the inside of the body to the...

Qi Enhancement and Transport Training

Meditative Figure

Once you have accomplished Grand Circulation, you can begin to practice advanced methods to make your Qi stronger, more focused, and more controlled by your will. Even though you can start this Qi enhancement after accomplishing Small Circulation, the enhancement will be easier and more efficient if you wait until the completion of Grand Circulation. The first training method of Qi Enhancement and Transport is called Lian Qi Train the Qi, ifcfc or Chong Qi Filling Qi, The main purpose of this...

Principles of Wai Dan Qigong

There are two types of Wai Dan exercise, moving and still. In moving Wai Dan, a specific muscle or part of the body is repeatedly tensed and relaxed as you concentrate on that muscle. Use as little tension as possible because great tension will constrict the Qi channels and prevent the flow of energy. Some practitioners do not tense their muscles at all, but merely imagine tensing them. Others tense them just enough to aid concentration. When you exercise a part of the body in this way for...

Chinese Diagnosis

Qigong Exercises

When you are sick, Qi circulation is irregular or abnormal. It has too much Yin or too much Yang. Because all Qi channels are connected to the surface of the body, stagnant or abnormal Qi flow will cause signs to show on the skin. Also, when you are sick, the sounds you make when speaking, coughing, or breathing are different than when you are healthy Therefore, Chinese doctors examine a patient's skin, particularly the forehead, eyes, ears, and tongue. They also pay close attention to the...

Da Mos Yi Jin Jing Exercises

Postures Jin Jing

Da Mo Figure 2-1 , whose last name was Chadili . and who was also known as Bodhidarma, was a prince of a small tribe in southern India. From the fragments of historical records that exist it is believed he was born about 483 A.D. At that time India was considered a spiritual center by the Chinese, since it was the source of Buddhism, which was becoming very influential in China. Many of the Chinese emperors either sent priests to India to study Buddhism and bring back scriptures, or else they...

Translation and Glossary of Chinese Terms

An external iron shirt training method. Eight Pieces of Brocade. A Wai Dan Qigong practice said to have been created by Marshal Yue Fei during the Southern Song dynasty 1127-1279 A.D. . The eight methods of the internal martial style Liu He Ba Fa. Bai Bi 1 Swinging Arms. A simple Qigong exercise popularly practiced in China. Bai He Means White Crane. A southern Chinese martial arts style. Bao Pu Zi -tMh A well known Qigong and Chinese medical book written by Ge Hong...

Zu Taiyang Pang Gua Jing And Zu Shao Yang Dan Jing

A Comparative Study of the Zhou dynasty Book of Changes. 5. 168. 170. 172 A Further Thesis of Complete Study. 7. 158, 172-173 Ai Da. 151, 155, 173 Ba Duan Jin Eight Pieces o Brocade . 8-9, 12. 18. 28,41, 155, 160-161, 164, 173, 176 Bagua, 12, 155. 173, 176 Bai Bi Swinging arms , 138, 155, 173 Baihui Gv-20 , 81. 146. 149. 155, 173 Bao Pu Zi. 155. 158, 173 Bao Shen Mi Yao The Secret Important Document of Body Protection . 8, 155-156. 173 Bao Shen Mi Yao. 155-156. 173 Baoluo Pericardlun , 115-116,...

Other Popular Wai Dan Exercises

Wai Dan Huiyin Point

There are many other sets of Wai Dan exercises derived from Da Mo s sequence. In this section the most common Wai Dan sets will be introduced. These are the Open Palm Sequence, which moves power to the fingertips Moving Forms for coordinating breathing with movement of the arms, legs, and trunk and Eight Pieces of Brocade, a set of simple exercises well known throughout China. In addition, a set of Still Forms that can be used to develop stamina and flexibility are included. The open palm forms...