The thyroid gland is located in the throat and lies in front of and on either side of the windpipe and just beneath the larynx (voice box) and is connected just below the Adam's apple. This gland arises from the same tissue and almost from the same spot as the anterior lobe of the pituitary body. It weighs about an ounce. Each lobe of the thyroid is about two inches in length, and from an inch to an inch and a quarter in width.
The thyroid gland is highly vascularized and receives many times more blood in proportion to its size. It is noted for its high degree of functional activity. It is heavier in the female than in the male and becomes enlarged during sexual excitement, menstruation, and pregnancy.
The thyroid gland's secretion is called thyroxin, which contains iodine.
The thyroid is an energy gland and its secretion is the controller of the speed of living. It affects the metabolism of practically all the tissues of the body. The principal function of the hormone is to regulate the rate of oxygen consumption, which is tantamount to the body's metabolic rate, which can be thought of as one's "rate of living". This hormone is required for normal growth and development of the brian, muscle and bones and it indirectly affects the activity of other glands of internal secretion as well. Too little thyroid hormone produces a condition of sluggishness. With too much, there will be marked apprehension, alertness, nervousness, loss of weight, increased thirst, frequent urination, profuse perspiration, intolerance of heat, insomnia, frequent stools, rapid heartbeat and palpitations.
In the Taoist Approach, the energy center at the thyroid is considered to be one of the most important centers in the body because it controls the growth of the dense vehicle and mental development and it is very closely related to all of the other six energy centers under consideration. It is the great link between the brain and the organs of generation (reproductive organs). In the Taoist Esoteric System, the thyroid energy center is called Hsuan-Chi (the twelve story) and is used as an energy Center only to draw in power. It is not ordinarily included in alchemy because when it is open it is hard to protect. However, in the greater and the greatest enlightenment of the Kan & Li, we draw enormous stores of power from this energy center to alchemically mix with the power of other energy centers in order to produce an ever greater source of power.
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