Appendix A Glossary of Chinese Terms

Ann Mo:

Literally: press rub. Together they mean massage. BaDuannGin: Af3£*

Eight Pieces of Brocade. A Wai Dan Chi Kung practice which is said to have been created by Marshal Yeuh Fei during the Song dynasty (1127-1279 A.D.). BaKua: A if

Literally: Eight Divinations. Also called the Eight Trigrams. In Chinese philosophy, the eight basic variations; shown in the I Ching as groups of single and broken lines. BaKua Chang:

Eight Trigrams Palm. One of the internal Chi Kung martial styles, believed to have been created by Doong Hae-Chuan between 1866 and 1880 A.D. BihGang: gjgr

Close the anus. Chang Chuan: &&

Chang means long, and Chuan means fist, style, or sequence. A style of Northern Chinese Kung Fu which specializes in kicking and long range fighting. Chang Chuan has also been used to refer to Tai Chi Chuan. Chang San-Feng: ^g^ft

Said to have created Tai Chi Chuan in the Song dynasty (960-1279 A.D.), however there is no certain documentary proof of this. Changqiang:

Name of a cavity in the Governing Vessel, located in the tail-bone area.

A Chinese school of Mahayana Buddhism which asserts that enlightenment can be attained through meditation, self-contemplation, and intuition, rather than through study of scripture. Charn is called Zen in Japan.

Chen Jar Gou:

Name of the village of the Chen family, where Chen Style Tai Chi Chuan originated. Chi: ft

The general definition of Chi is: universal energy, including heat, light, and electromagnetic energy. A narrower definition of Chi refers to the energy circulating in human or animal bodies. ChiawMen:

Tricky or secret door. The trick or secret can lead the practitioner to the essence of the training. ChiiHuoo:

To start the fire. In Chi Kung practice: when you start to build up Chi at the Lower Dan Tien. Chi Kung: ft!fj

Kung means Kung Fu (lit. energy-time). Therefore, Chi Kung means study, research, and/or practices related to Chi. ChinNa: jft$

Literally, grab control. A type of Chinese Kung Fu which emphasizes grabbing techniques to control the opponent's joints in conjunction with attacking certain acupuncture cavities. Ching: «

Channel. Sometimes translated meridian. Refers to the twelve organ-related "rivers'' which circulate Chi throughout the body. Da Chyau: ftfflI

To build a bridge. Refers to the Chi Kung practice of touching the roof of the mouth with the tip of the tongue to form a bridge or link between the Governing and Conception Vessels. Da Mo: il«

The Indian Buddhist monk who is credited with creating the Yi Gin Ching and Shii Soei Ching while at the Shaolin monastery. His last name was Sardili, and he was also known as Bodhidarma. He was formerly the prince of a small tribe in southern India. Dan Diing Tao Kung: tfifciii/j

The elixir cauldron way of Chi Kung. The Taoists' Chi Kung training. Dan Tien: #51

Literally: Field of Elixir. Locations in the body which are able to store and generate Chi (elixir) in the body. The Upper, Middle, and Lower Dan Tiens are located respectively between the eyebrows, at the solar plexus, and a few inches below the navel. Dien Shiuh: KTv

Dien means "to point and exert pressure" and Shiuh means "the cavities." Dien Shiuh refers to those Chin Na techniques which specialize in attacking acupuncture cavities to immobilize or kill an opponent. Dih: ifc

The Earth. Earth, Heaven (Tian), and Man (Ren) are the "Three Natural Powers" (San Tsair).

Dih Chi:

Earth Chi. The energy of the earth. Dih Lii Shy: tfcjfW

Dih Lii means geomancy and Shy means teacher. Therefore Dih Lii Shy means a teacher or master who analyzes geographic locations according to formulas in the I Ching (Book of Change) and the energy distributions in the Earth. DimMak:

Pointing the Vessels. The way of striking Chi or blood vessels in Chinese martial arts. See also Dien Shiuh. Ermei Mountain:

A mountain located in Szechuan province in China. Many martial Chi Kung styles originated there. FaJing:

Emitting Jing. The power which is usually used for an attack. FaanHuShi: SufflS

Reverse Breathing. Also commonly called Taoist Breathing. Faan Jieng Buu Nao: ig^&IBSi

Literally: to return the Essence to nourish the brain. A Taoist Chi Kung training process wherein Chi which has been converted from Essence is led to the head to nourish the brain. FaanTorng:

Back to childhood. A training in Nei Dan Chi Kung through which the practitioner tries to regain control of the muscles of the lower abdomen. Fengfu:

Cavity name. Belongs to the Governing Vessel, located on the back of the head. Feng Shoei Shy:

Literally: wind water teacher. Teacher or master of geomancy. Geomancy is the art or science of analyzing the natural energy relationships in a location, especially the interrelationships between "wind" and "water," hence the name. Also called Dih Lii Shy. Gin Jong Jaw:

Golden Bell Cover. An Iron Shirt training. GoeChi: ft«

The Chi residue of a dead person. It is believed by the Chinese Buddhists and Taoists that this Chi residue is a so called ghost. HouTianFaa:

Post Heaven Techniques. An internal style of martial Chi Kung which is believed to have been created around the sixth century. Hsin: £

Literally: Heart. Refers to the emotional mind. Hsing Yi or Hsing Yi Chuan: m&.

Literally: Shape-mind Fist. An internal style of Kung Fu in which the mind or thinking determines the shape or movement of the body. Creation of the style attributed to Marshal Yeuh Fei.

Hsin Shyi Shiang Yi: <2M

The emotional mind and breathing mutually relying on each other. A method of regulating the mind in Chi Kung in which the practitioner pays attention to his breathing in order to clear his mind of disturbance. Hwang TVng: 3S)g

Yellow yard. 1. A yard or hall in which Taoists, who often wore yellow robes, meditate together. 2. In Chi Kung training, a spot in the abdomen where it is believed that you are able to generate an "embryo." IChing:

Book of Changes. A book of divination written during the Jou dynasty (1122-255 B.C.). Jargi:

A cavity name used by Chi Kung practitioners. The acupuncture name for the same cavity is Lingtai. This cavity in on the Governing Vessel. See also Lingtai. JeaGuuWen:

Oracle-Bone Scripture. Earliest evidence of the Chinese use of the written word. Found on pieces of turtle shell and animal bone from the Shang dynasty (1766-1154 B.C.). Most of the information recorded was of a religious nature. JengHuShi: ¡EBf«5

Normal Breathing. More commonly called Buddhist Breathing. Jieng: $

Essence. The most refined part of anything. Jieng Tzu: fS9

Sons of the essence. Refers to the sperm. Jing: a

A power in Chinese martial arts which is derived from muscles which have been energized by Chi to their maximum potential. Kan: ft

A phase of the eight trigrams representing water. Kung Fu: ft*

Literally: energy-time. Any study, learning, or practice which requires a lot of patience, energy, and time to complete. Since practicing Chinese martial arts requires a great deal of time and energy, Chinese martial arts are commonly called Kung Fu. Kuoshu: Sftj

Literally: national techniques. Another name for Chinese martial arts. First used by President Chiang Kai-Shek in 1926 at the founding of the Nanking Central Kuoshu Institute. Laogong:

Cavity name. On the Pericardium channel in the center of the palm.

LaoTzyy: tt

The creator of Taoism, also called Li Erh. Li: tJ

The power which is generated from muscular strength.


Lao Tzyy, the creator of Taoism. LiannChi:

Liann means to train, to strengthen, and to refine. A Taoist training process through which your Chi grows stronger and more abundant. Lii: ft

A phase of the Ba Kua, Lii represents fire. Lingtai: Si

Spiritual station. In acupuncture, a cavity on the back. In Chi Kung, it refers to the Upper Dan Tien. Liu Ho Ba Fa:

Literally: six combinations eight methods. A style of Chinese internal martial arts reportedly created by Chen Bor during the Song dynasty (960-1279 A.D.). Lou: tfi

The small Chi channels which branch out from the primary Chi channels and are connected to the skin and to the bone marrow. Mei: 8*

Chi vessels. The eight vessels involved with transporting, storing, and regulating Chi. Mih Tzong Shen Kung:

Secret Style of Spiritual Kung Fu. Tibetan Chi Kung and martial arts. NeiDan:

Internal elixir. A form of Chi Kung in which Chi (the elixir) is built up in the body and spread out to the limbs. Nei Jing:

Internal Power. The Jing or power in which Chi from the Dan Tien is used to support the muscles. This is characterized by relatively relaxed muscles. When the muscles predominate and local Chi is used to support them, it is called Wai Jing. See also Wai Jing. Nei Kung:

Internal Kung Fu. The Chinese martial styles which emphasize building up Chi internally in the beginning, and later use this Chi to energize the muscles to a higher degree of efficiency. See also Wai Kung.

Nei Shyh Kung Fu: ftmJft*

Nei Shyh means to look internally, so Nei Shyh Kung Fu refers to the art of looking inside yourself to read the state of your health and the condition of your Chi. PaiHuo:

White Crane. A style of southern Shaolin Kung Fu which imitates the fighting techniques of the crane. Ren Mei: fill*

Usually translated "Conception Vessel." Ren Chi: AM. Human Chi.


Literally: Confucian family. Scholars following the ideas of Confucian thoughts; Confucianists. San Bao: HIT

Three treasures. Essence (Jieng), energy (Chi), and spirit (Shen). Also called San Yuan (three origins). SanGuan: HBC

Three gates. In Small Circulation training, the three cavities on the Governing Vessel which are usually obstructed and must be opened.

Sann Kung: Bfctfj

Energy dispersion. Premature degeneration of the muscles when the Chi cannot effectively energize them. Caused by earlier overtraining. San Shih Chi Shih:

Thirty-Seven Postures. According to historical records, one of the predecessors of Tai Chi Chuan. San Tsair:

Three powers. Heaven, Earth, and Man. Shaolin: 9ft

A Buddhist temple in Henan province, famous for its martial arts.

Sheau Jeau Tian:

•Small nine heaven. A Chi Kung style created in the sixth century.

Sheau Jou Tian:

Small heavenly cycle. Also called Small Circulation. The completed Chi circuit through the Conception and Governing Vessels. Shen: #

Spirit. Said to reside in the Upper Dan Tien (the third eye). Shenn Hsin Pyng Herng: SteW-m

The body and the mind are mutually balanced. In Chinese Chi Kung, the physical body is Yang and the mind is Yin. They must both be trained to balance each other. Shen Shyi Shiang Yi: ttftttfft

The Shen and breathing mutually rely on each other. A stage in Chi Kung practice. Shian Tian Chi:

Pre-birth Chi. Also called Dan Tien Chi. The Chi which was converted from Original Essence and is stored in the Lower Dan Tien. Considered to be "Water Chi," it is able to calm the body. Shii Soei Ching: ftlfiM

Washing Marrow/Brain Classic, usually translated Marrow/Brain Washing Classic. Chi Kung training specializing in leading Chi to the marrow to cleanse it. ShiouChi:

Cultivate the Chi. Cultivate implies to protect, maintain, and refine. A Buddhist Chi Kung training.

Shoou Jing: ^SfJ

Defensive Jing. The Jings which are used for defense. Suann Ming Shy: JHfr&P

Literally: calculate life teacher. A fortune teller who is able to calculate your future and destiny. Tai Chi Chuan:

Great ultimate fist. An internal martial art. Tao: M

The way. The "natural" way of everything. Tao Jia (Tao Jiaw): it* (iSft >

The Tao family. Taoism. Created by Lao Tzyy during the Jou dynasty (1122-934 B.C.). In the Han dynasty (c. 58 A.D.), it was mixed with Buddhism to become the Taoist religion (Tao Jiaw).

TaoTeChing: iiSfff

Morality Classic. Written by Lao Tzyy. Tian Chi:

Heaven Chi. It is now commonly used to mean the weather, since weather is governed by heaven Chi. TianChyr:

Heavenly pond. The place under the tongue where saliva is generated. TianShyr:

Heavenly timing. The repeated natural cycles generated by the heavens such as the seasons, months, days, and hours. TieaBuShan:

Iron shirt. Kung Fu training which toughens the body externally and internally. TueiNa: HIS

Literally: push and grab. A style of massage and manipulation for treatment of injuries and many illnesses. TVauChi:

To regulate the Chi. TVauHsin: flK;

lb regulate the emotional mind. TyauShen: Ntt

To regulate the spirit. TVauShenn:

lb regulate the body. TVauShyi: JM

lb regulate the breathing. WaiDan:

External elixir. External Chi Kung exercises in which Chi is built up in the limbs and then led to the body. WaiJing: ft*

External Power. The type of Jing where the muscles predominate and only local Chi is used to support the muscles. See also Nei Jing.

WaiKung: HP]

External Kung Fu. The Chinese martial styles which emphasize mainly muscular power and strength in the beginning. See also Nei Kung. WeyChi: ftj«

Guardian Chi. The Chi shield which wards off negative external influences. Weilu: sea

Tailbone. The name used by Chinese martial artists and Chi Kung practitioners. The acupuncture name for this cavity is Changqiang. See also Changqiang. WoaShoou: Si

Tile Hand. The typical open-hand form used in Tai Chi Chuan. WuChi: Mft

No Extremity. This is the state of undifferentiated emptiness before a beginning. As soon as there is a beginning or a movement, there is differentiation and opposites, and this is called Tai Chi. Wushu: ftffi

Literally: martial techniques. A common name for the Chinese martial arts. Many other terms are used, including: Wuyi (martial arts), Wukung (martial Kung Fu), Kuoshu (national techniques), and Kung Fu (energy-time). Because Wushu has been modified in mainland China over the past forty years into gymnastic martial performance, many traditional Chinese martial artist have given up this name in order to avoid confusing modern Wushu with traditional Wushu. Recently, mainland China has attempted to bring modern Wushu back toward its traditional training and practice. Wuudang Mountain: ¿tHiili

Located in Fubei province in China. Yang: P8

In Chinese philosophy, the active, positive, masculine polarity. In Chinese medicine, Yang means excessive, overactive, overheated. The Yang (or outer) organs are the Gall Bladder, Small Intestine, Large Intestine, Stomach, Bladder, and Triple Burner. YeuhFei: gjR

A Chinese hero in the Southern Song dynasty (1127-1279 A.D.). Said to have created Ba Duann Gin, Hsing-Yi Chuan, and Yeuh's Ien Jao. Yi: S

Mind. Specifically, the mind which is generated by clear thinking and judgement, and which is able to make you calm, peaceful, and wise.

Yi Gin Ching: ^WL

Literally: changing muscle/tendon classic, usually called The Muscle/Tendon Changing Classic. Credited to Da Mo around 550 A.D., this work discusses Wai Dan Chi Kung training for strengthening the physical body.

Yi Shoou Dan Tien: B^ftm

Keep your Yi on your Dan Tien. In Chi Kung training, you keep your mind at the Dan Tien in order to build up Chi. When you are circulating your Chi, you always lead your Chi back to your Dan Tien before you stop. Yii Yi Yiin Chi: BUB9I1K

Use your Yi (wisdom mind) to lead your Chi. A Chi Kung technique. Chi cannot be pushed, but it can be led. This is best done with the Yi. Yin: ft

In Chinese philosophy, the passive, negative, feminine polarity. In Chinese medicine, Yin means deficient. The Yin (internal) organs are the Heart, Lungs, Liver, Kidneys, Spleen, and Pericardium. YingChi: ff*

Managing Chi. It manages the functioning of the organs and the body. YingKung:

Hard Kung Fu. The Chinese martial styles which emphasize hard Jing training. Yuan Chi: 7U$i

Original Chi. The Chi created from the Original Essence inherited from your parents. YuanJieng: tc$

Original Essence. The fundamental, original substance inherited from your parents, it is converted into Original Chi. Yuhjeen: jEtt

Jade pillow. One of the three gates of Small Circulation training.

Appendix B Translation of Chinese Terms

9M 061

shisibi mm


Yang Jwing-Ming Tai Chi Chuan Nei Jing Wen-Ching Wu Kung Fu Wushu Shaolin Pai Huo

Cheng Gin-Gsao KaoTao Sheau Jou Tian Tamkang College Taipei Hsien Chang Chuan Li Mao-Ching Wilson Chen Chang Shyang-Shan Yi Gin Ching Shii Soei Ching Tuei Na Ann Mo Dien Shiuh Wuudang Ermei Cham

Dan Diing Tao Kung

Mih Tzong Shen Kung

Hsing Yi

Ba Kua

Liu Ho Ba Fa

Chapter 1

I Ching Tian Chi Dih Chi Ren Chi San T^air Dih Lii Shy Feng Shoei Shy Suann Ming Shy Han Liang Shang An Yang Henan Yin Shiu Jea Guu Wen Nei Ching Bian ShjT Jou

Lao Tzyy LiErh

Tao Te Ching Juan Chi Jyh Rou Shyy Gi Juang Tzyy Nan Hwa Ching Chin

Nan Ching Bian Chiueh Gin Guey Yao Liueh

Chang Jong-Jiing


Tsaur Yuan-Bair

Jou I Tsan Torng Chih


Yeang Shenn Fu Yeu

Wey Bor-Yang


Chen Jih-Ru

East Han


Yi Fang Jyi Jieh

Chang Tao-Ling


Uang Fann-An

"iMfi ff

Tao Jiaw


Nei Kung Twu Shwo



Wang Tzuu-Yuan

Hwa Tor




Jiun Chiam

Huoo Long Kung

Wuu Chyn Shih


Ger Horng


Ba Kua Chang


Baw Poh Tzyy

mm) ii

Doong Hae-Chuan

Taur Horng-Jiing


Yeang Shenn Yan Ming




Ru Jia


Da Mo


Tao Jia




Shiou Chi




Liann Chi


Chaur Yuan-Fang

An Tian Leh Ming

Ju Bing Yuan Hou Luenn

Shiou Shenn Shy

Chian Gin Fang




Suen Sy-Meau

Ba Duann Gin


Wai Tai Mih Yao


Yeh Ming


Wang Taur

Dim Mak


Tiea Bu Shan



Gin Jong Jaw



Wai Kung

Yeang Shenn Jyue


Ying Kung

Chang An-Tao


Sann Kung


Ru Men Shyh Shyh



Chang Tzyy-Her

Song Wei Tzong


Lan Shyh Mih T^arng


Han Goong-Yeuh

Li Guoo


Chen Ling-Shii

Ger Jyh Yu Luenn


Chen Bi

Ju Dan-Shi

Sheu Hsuan-Pin

Chang San-Feng

Li Tao-Tzu

Wai Dan

Ien Li-Hen

Nei Dan

San Shih Chi Shih

Wang Wei-Yi

Hou Tian Faa

Torng Ren Yu Shiuh Jen

Sheau Jeau Tian

Jeou Twu

Nan Lei Gi Wrang

Ren Tzong

Jeng Nan Moo

Southern Song

Tzu Min

Yeuh Fei

Ming Shih Fan Gi

Hwu Buh Kung


Shyr Er Juang


Lieu Dong Yi county

Jiaw Huah Kung


Bao Shenn Mih Yao




Chang Lar-Tar


TVau Chi

Hung Wuu

- - * .

TVau Shen


Ming Lan Yin Chi Shou

San Bao

Lei Kou


San Yuan



Jieng Tzyy

Tian Suen


Yuan Jieng

Ming Ying Tzong

Yuan Chi


Ton Wei Sien Hua Jen

Shian Tian Chi


rnmtm nm

Faan Jieng Buu Nao

— 7G

Fon Yi-Yuen

Dan Tien




Chen Ton-Jou

Shenn Hsin Pyng

Wen County



Chang Soun-Shi

Hsin Shyi Shiang Yi


Hai Yen

Li Ching-Yen

Yeh Gi-Mei


Goang Cherng Tzyy


Shyh Ming


Chain Tao Jen Yen

Wang Tzong-Yeuh


Hwang Tyng Ching


San You


Wuu Jen Ren

Chiang Fa


Ling Yuan Dah Tao





Chen Jar Gou




Hwai Ching county

a m





Chen Chang-Shen



Chen You-Ban







Chen Hwai-Yuen



Chen Hwa-Mei



Yang Lu-Shann


Nei Shyh Kung Fu

Li Bao-Kuai


Yi Shoou Dan Tien

Shih San Shih Lao Jiah


Chii Huoo

Yang Ban-Huo

Yii Yi Yiin Chi


Yang Chien-Hou

Yang Shao-Huo

Chapter 2


Yang Chen-Fu



Wu Chun-Yu




Chin Ching-Pin




Tsao Bao style


iK ?M

Wuu Yu-Larn

Wai Jing

Li Yi-Yu

Shoou Jing

Heh Wei-Jinn

Fa Jing


Suen Luh-Tarng


Chiaw Men


Ying Chi



Wey Chi


Tyau Shenn

Chapter 3

Tyau Hsin


Faan Torng

TVau Shyi


Jeng Hu Shi


Faan Hu Shi


Goong Bi






Bih Gang




San Guan







» «

Joan Chyou


Yun Shoou



Xie Fei Shih



Pieh Shenn Chui



Tsai Tuei


Da Chyau

fs mm

Lou Hsi Yao Bu

Tian Chyr


Dao Nien Hou

Shen Shyi Shiang Yi

Sher Shenn Shiah

Goong Shcxju


Hand Yangming Large Intestine

Jin Ji Du Li


Appendix A




Hwai Jong Baw Yeuh

Chiang Kai-Shek

Ermei Dah Perng Kung


Nanking Central


Tuo Tian

Kuoshu Inst.


Woa Shoou


Chen Bor


Jing Li TVau Shyi



Dah Maang Roan Shenn


Chi Chern Dan Tien




Jaan Shiong Jing Shenn

Yeuh's Ien Jao

Baihui Guann Chi


Tzuoo Yow Tuei Shan

Tzuoh Wann Tuei Jaang

Dah Shyong You Shoei

Tsuoo Yow Kai Shan

Lao Ing Pu Shyr

Shy Tzu Goong Chyou


Bair Heh Liang Chyh

Jing TVau Hsin Shyi

Bair Heh Doou Chyh

Chyan Tzuann Hou Ba

Tzuoo Yow Yin Yang

Kan Lii Jiau Gow


Dah Shyong Goong Yeuh

Hwo Hor Tuo Tian

Shang Shiah Chyan Kuen

Jin Ji Aw Chyh

Hwei Tour Wang Yeuh

Dah Maang Joan Shenn


Shang Shaih Shyuan


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