The Twelve Regular Meridians

The twelve regular meridians include the three yin meridians of the hand (the ■lung, the pericardium and the heart), and the three yang meridians of the hand (the large intestine, the Sanjiao and the small intestine), the three yang meridians of the foot (the stomach, the gallbladder and the bladder), and three yin meridians of the foot (the spleen, the liver and the kidney). Since they belong to the twelve visceral organs and are the major trunks in the jingluo system, they are called zheng jing (the regular meridians). Their main functions are' to connect the visceral organs and limbs and to transport qi and blood to nourish the whole body.

All those meridians belonging to the six visceral organs (heart, liver, spleen, lungs, kidneys and pericardium) are yin meridian, which will go along the medial sides of the four limbs, the chest and the abdomen after they leave the six visceral organs. Those distributed on the medial sides of the upper limbs are three yin meridians of the hand and those distributed on the medial sides of the lower limbs are the three yin meridians of the foot. All those meridians belonging to the six internal organs (gallbladder, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, Sanjiao and bladder) are yang meridians. After leaving the six internal organs, they will go along the lateral sides of the four limbs, the head, the face and the trunk. The ones that travel along the lateral sides of the upper limbs are the three yang meridians of the hand and the ones that travel along the lateral sides of the lower limbs are the three yang meridians of the foot. As to the distribution of the twelve regular

Heart Meridian Hand Shaoyin

Du Meridian

Sanjiao (Triple Energizer) Meridian of Hand-Shaoyang

The Large Intestine Meridian
Spleen Meridian of Foot-Taiyin

PRACTICAL QIGONG FOR HOME HEALTH CARE

Table I. Classification of the Meridians and Collaterals

Twelve Regular Meridians

Lung—Hand-Taiyin Lieque

Three Pericardium—Hand-Jueyin Neiguan

Yin Heart—Hand-Shaoyin Tongli

Large Intestine—Hand-Yangming Pianli

Three Sanjiao—Hand-Shaoyang Waiguan

Yang Small Intestine—Hand Taiyang Zhizen

Dabao

Three Yang

Ren Meridian Jiuwei

Du Meridian Changqiang

Chong Meridian Dai Meridian

Yinwei Meridian Yangwei Meridian Yinqiao Meridian Yangqiao Meridian

Stomach—Foot-Yangming Fenglong

Gallbladder—Foot-Shaoyang Guangming

Bladder—Foot-Taiyang Feiyang

Ren Meridian Jiuwei

Du Meridian Changqiang

Chong Meridian Dai Meridian

Fifteen Collater-

Yinwei Meridian Yangwei Meridian Yinqiao Meridian Yangqiao Meridian

Twelve Divergent Meridians Twelve Muscle Regions Twelve Cutaneous Regions

Same as the Twelve Regular Meridians, fit to the hand and foot, three yin and three yang split from collaterals and distributed all over the body minute collaterals

Collaterals meridians in the head, body and the four limbs, Yangming of the three yang meridians of the foot and of the hand is located in the interior, Shaoyang in the middle, and Taiyang in the posterior; and Taiyin of the three yin meridians of the hand and of the foot is located in the anterior, Jueyin in the middle, and Shaoyin

The twelve regular meridians have not only fixed localization and travel routes, but also have close interrelations among themselves.

1) The yin meridians meet the yang meridians in the four limbs.

Take the lung meridian of the Hand-Taiyin as an example. It meets the large intestine meridian of the Hand-Yangming in the posterior part of the wrist. The heart meridian of the Hand-Shaoyin meets with the small intestine meridian of the Hand-Taiyang in the small finger. The pericardium meridian of the Hand-Jueyin meets with the Sanjiao meridian of the Hand-Shaoyang in the palm. The stomach meridian of the Foot-Yangming meets with the spleen meridian of the Foot-Taiyin in the toes, the bladder meridian of the Foot-Shaoyin in the small toe and the gallbladder meridian of the Foot-Shaoyang with the liver meridian of the Foot-

2) The yang meridians meet the yang meridians bearing the same name in the

The large intestine meridian of the Hand-Yangming meets with the stomach meridian ©f the Foot-Yangming at the side of the nose. The small intestine meridian of the Hand-Taiyang meets with the bladder meridian of the Foot-Taiyang in the inner canthus of the eye, and the Sanjiao meridian of the Hand-Shaoyang and the gallbladder meridian of the Foot-Shaoyang in the outer canthus of the eye.

3) The yin meridians meet yin meridians (the three-yin meridians in the chest).

The spleen meridian of the Foot-Taiyin meets with the heart meridians of the

Hand-Shaoyin inside the heart, kidney meridian of the Foot-Shaoyin meets with the pericardium meridian of the Hand-Jueyin in the chest, and the liver meridian of the Foot-Jueyin meets with the lung meridian of the Hand-Taiyin in the lung.

Through the connections of the Twelve Regular Meridians a circulating transmission system is thus formed. That is, the three yin meridians leaving the chest for the hand meet with the three yang meridians in the hand. The three yang meridians of the hand leaving the hand for the head meet with the three yang meridians. The three yang meridians leaving the head for the foot meet with the three yin meridians. The three yin meridians of the foot leaving the foot for the abdomen meet with the three yin meridians of the hand. Because of the communications and connection of the branch meridians and the collaterals, six groups of "collateral related" relations are formed between the visceral (zang) and interior ifu) organs, and six groups of "exterior-interior" relations are formed between the yin and the yang meridians. The yin meridian belongs to zangluofu (/$itfiffit ), and the yang meridian belongs to fuluozang (J$f fafflt. ). Then, through the connection of the meridians bearing the same names of the hand and foot, a circulation system of the twelve regular meridians is formed. (See Table 2)

The eight extra meridians is the general term for the eight meridians, namely, Table. 2 Connections of the Twelve Regular Meridians zang (yin meridians, interior) fu (yang meridians, exterior)

the end of index finger 1. Lung Meridian of 2. Large Intestine Meridi-

medial end of big toe

4. Spleen Meridian of_v 3. Stomach Meridian of

Foot-Taiyin '7 Foot-Yangming

Heart the end of small finger

; 5. Heart Meridian of _. 6. Small Intestine Meridi-_

Hand-Shaoyin an of Hand-Taiyang

Heart the end of small finger

; 5. Heart Meridian of _. 6. Small Intestine Meridi-_

Hand-Shaoyin an of Hand-Taiyang

Qigong Meridians

outer can-thus outer the end of big toe

12. Liver Meridian of_\ 11. Gallbladder Meridian

Foot-Jueyin ' of Foot-Shaoyang outer can-thus

Du, Ren, Chong, Dai, Yinwei, Yangwei, Yinqiao and Yangqiao. Different from the twelve regular meridians, they neither pertain to the visceral organs nor communicate with the internal organs, neither pertain to the internal organs nor communicate with the visceral organs. They are not exteriorly-interiorly related. Their main functions are to control, store and regulate the circulation of qi and blood in the

The Ren Meridian runs along the midline of the abdomen and the chest and goes upward to the chin, meeting all the yin meridians. Thus it is called "the sea of the yin meridians." It is responsible for all the yin meridians.

The Du Meridian runs along the midline of the back and ascends to the head and face, meeting all the yang meridians. Therefore it is called "the sea of the yang meridians." Its function is to govern the qi of all the yang meridians of the body.

The Chong Meridian runs parallel to the kidney meridian of Foot-Shaoyin up to the infra-orbital region, meeting all the twelve regular meridians. So it is called "the sea of the twelve meridians" or the "sea of blood." Its function is to store the

The Dai Meridian, which originates in the hypochondrium and goes around

The Yinwei Meridian is connected with the six yin meridians and meets at Ren Meridian; the Yangwei Meridian is connected with the six yang meridians, meeting at the Du Meridian. The two meridians regulate the flow of qi in the six yin and yang meridians, so as to maintain coordination and balance between the yin and

The Yinqiao Meridian starts from the medial aspect of the heel and merges into the meridian of Foot-Shaoyin to go upwards; the Yangqiao Meridian starts from the lateral aspect of the heel and merges into the meridian of Foot-Taiyang to ascend. Following their own courses, the two meridians meet each other at the inner canthus. They jointly regulate the motion of the lower limbs and opening

Most of the Shu points of the extra eight meridians are in the twelve regular meridians, only that the Ren, Du meridians have their own respective Shu points. Therefore, together with the twelve regular meridians, they are collectively called the fourteen meridians. As to the distribution of the fourteen meridians, see the

Generally, the meridians transport blood and qi to adjust yin and yang, nourish tendons and bones, and improve the joint function. A good master of the jingluo distribution can help practise Qigong and treat the diseases.

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