Emission of Qi is also called the emitting method (Fa Gong), emitting of outgoing Qi (Fafang Wai Qi ), and in ancient times, distributing Qi (Bu). It is a method practiced by those experienced in the training and guiding of Qi who can direct their intrinsic Qi to the palms, fingertips, or through other hand gestures and emit the Qi into the channels or points of another person.
1. Single Finger Meditation (Yi Zbi Chan Shi). In this gesture, the index finger is stretched while the others are bent naturally. The thumb is bent gently over the back of the middle finger (Fig. 77). When using this gesture for emission, the Qi is guided to the tip of the index finger and is emitted through direct touch or by placing the index finger above the area, being treated. Figure 77
2. Flat Palm (Ping Zhang Shi). Stretch the five fingers naturally (Fig 78). Direct Qi to the palm; the Inner Laogong (P 8) is the center through which the Qi will be emitted. The Qi is emitted through direct touch or by placing the palm above the area being treated.
3. Spreading Claw (Tan Zhua Shi). Separate the fingers naturally and bend them as if grasping something (Fig. 79). Direct the Qi to the fingertips; it is emitted through direct contact or by placing the claw above the area being treated.
4. Sword Thrust (Jian Jue Shi). With the index and middle fingers kept close together, allow the ring and small fingers to bend naturally. Place the thumb gently on nails of the bent fingers (Fig. 80). Direct the Qi to the tips of the index and middle fingers. The Qi is emitted through direct contact or by placing the fingers above the area being treated.
5. Middle Finger Propping (Zhong Zhi Du Li Shi). Stretch the middle finger and allow the rest of the fingers to bend naturally with the thumb touching the index finger (Fig 81). Direct Qi to the tip of the middle finger. The Qi is emitted through direct contact or by placing it above the area treated.
6. Dragon Mouth (Long Xian Shi). Keep the four fingers close to each other pointing straight and separated from the thumb (Fig. 82). Direct Qi to the locality between the thumb and the four fingers, and emit Qi towards the area being treated.
4.3.2 Hand Manipulations for Emitting Qi.
4-3.2.1 Manipulations with Hand Touching the Area Being Treated
Vibrating. Select a proper hand gesture. Lay the hand gently on the part to be treated and make vibrations (as explained in the previous section) to emit Qi. The vibrating method requires you to exert will to adjust the frequency, amplitude, nature, and amount of Li (power associated with muscular stimulation) and Qi emitted during session.
Kneading. Select a proper hand gesture or use the tip of the thumb to perform forceful rotary kneading. Kneading should be firm but should not cause discomfort on selected points or around the affected area. While kneading simultaneously guide and emit Qi.
Rubbing. Select a proper hand gesture or—with the four fingers close together—perform rotary massage slowly and forcefully on the selected points while guiding and emitting Qi.
Scrubbing. Using the flat palm or the flat of the four closed fingers, slowly scrub in a straight line the affected part while guiding and emitting Qi.
Pressing. Select a proper hand gesture. Place the hand on the affected part. Press vertically while guiding and emitting Qi.
4.3-2.2 Manipulations with Hand off the Area Being Treated.
Pushing. Select a proper hand gesture. Position the hand about 15-100 cm off the region being treated. Guide Qi as described in Making Two or Three Points Linear or Making Three Points Circular (sections 4.2.4 and 4.2.5). When you get the proper sensation, push your hand gently with internal strength so as to emit Qi to the affected region or related points.
Pulling. Select a proper hand gesture. Position the hand 15-100 cm off the region to be treated. Using the methods described in sections 4.2.4 and 4.2.5, guide Qi slowly to the affected area or related points. When you get Qi sensation, pull your hand gently with internal strength to emit Qi to the affected area.
Rotating. Select a proper hand gesture. Position the hand 15-100 cm off the region to be treated. Apply the Spiral Guiding method to arouse Qi slowly (section 4.2.8). When you feel Qi, conduct a spiral hand manipulation clockwise or counterclockwise so that it will flow in a spiral to the affected area or into the related points. You can also slowly guide Qi with the method described in sections 4.2.4 and 4.2.5. When you get the sensation of Qi, pull one hand and push the other gently and with internal strength making a circular motion to emit to the affected area.
Quivering. Select a proper hand gesture, and keep the hand 15-100 cm above the region being treated. Adopt the method Guiding Qi in Fixed Form (section 4.2.7) to guide Qi slowly. When you get the feeling of Qi, quiver the hand lightly to emit Qi to the region being treated or to the related points.
Leading. Select a proper hand posture, and place the hand 15-100 cm off the region being treated. When you feel the sensation of Qi, emit it toward the affected area and lead the energy to flow with or against the direction of the channels. You may also move to the left or right or up and down depending on the severity of the illness. Picking the right movement requires some understanding of TCM theory.
Locating. Select a proper hand posture and place the hand 15-100 cm off the region being treated. When you feel the sensation of Qi, use one or several emitting methods to make a fixed emission towards the area being treated.
4-3.2.3 Auxiliary Manipulations.
Tapping. Using one finger or the thumb, index, and middle fingers closed together, tap along the channels or on related acupuncture points.
Patting. With the empty palm (fingers naturally stretched), pat on the disordered region, along the channels, or on related points.
Hitting. Using a hollow fist, hit with its back or other parts on the disordered region, along the channels, or on related points.
Pressing in Intervals. Press with the tip of the thumb or the palm, in intervals, on the disordered region, along the channels, or on related points.
Stroking. Push and stroke with one or both palms along the channels, on related points, or on the affected region.
Plucking. Pluck the selected points with the fingers.
Rubbing Back and Forth. Press on the selected part from both sides using the two palms or with the flat of the thumbs and the index and middle fingers. Rub the part gently back and forth, exerting force symmetrically.
Rocking. Rock or pull (back and forth) the joints of the extremities.
Rolling. Using the back of the hand, roll on the region being treated. When performing rolling, the wrist joint should be bent, stretched, and turned repeatedly.
Clinical experience in emitting Qi has indicated that, one of the keys to success in treatment with outgoing Qi is to use different forms to emit Qi according to the needs of the person being treated. There are three basic forms that are used when emitting Qi; they are: linear, fixed and spiral. Having grasped the three forms, one can apply them flexibly during clinical treatment in agreement with the conditions of the illness. You may apply one form, two forms in combination, or develop some special forms based on all three. The application of the three basic forms can be put into practice in combination with the hand gestures and manipulations, as well as with the method of cold and heat guidance to form a combined guiding, emitting process.
1. Linear Form Emission. The Two Point Line Method, Three Point Line Method (section 4.2.4) or other similar guiding methods are taken as the basic skills in training the linear form of emission. Pushing, pulling, locating, leading, and other hand manipulations are generally used to emit while using this form. The linear form of emission is mild and gives a clear sensation of constriction, tugging, and warmth or coldness. It is a basic form to induce channel Qi movement, supplement its deficiency, and purge its excess. This form requires the hand manipulation of emitting to be stable and slow and the breathing to be deep and natural.
2. Fixed Form Emission. This is a common emitting form, which uses the Vibrating and Fixed Guiding Method (sections 4.2.1 and 4.2.7) as the basic skills. It can be conducted using various hand manipulations. The fixed form gives marked stimulation to the Qi activities in the channels, points, and Dantian. It is a major form of mobilizing and stimulating Qi activity. This method usually requires one to take an upright sitting posture or a horse-riding stance while using natural and slow breathing. Using the waist as the axle and the abdomen as the pump, the inside of the body should vibrate as the Qi is guided to the part of the hand, which is emitting the Qi. The Qi should be emitted like pearls on a string. The mind should follow the vibration of the flow and give it guidance. When carrying out fixed emission of Qi, one must remember not to hold the breath or make the hand vibrate by vibrating the muscles. Otherwise, stagnation will occur and result in stuffiness in the chest, pain in the hypochondria, sharp pain in the arms (as if having a fracture), or laceration of the muscles. To have a good grasp of this emitting method, one should first master the vibrating method to ensure that Qi is emitted naturally. Generally, one should carry out the exercises in the following order: training, guiding, and vibrating Qi. Developing skill in this method of emitting is not an easy thing. One can expect to have a basic grasp of this form in three months through diligent exercise. However, one cannot expect to apply it skillfully to clinical treatment without much longer practice.
3. Spiral Form Emission. This form utilizes the Guiding Qi Spirally method (section 4.2.8) as a way of emitting Qi. Qi moves spirally towards the affected area and penetrates deeply. It provides the special functions of regulating physiological activities. In this form, Qi is induced by natural respiration and spiral mind concentration. The Qi should start whirling from the vortex in the Dantian and move to the part of the hand from where it will be emitted. Learning this skill requires constant practice of rotation in the Dantian as well as the synchronization of the rotation with the hand gestures. It is essential to form a fixed spiral route of flowing Qi so that, when rotation begins in the Dantian, it will also whirl through the hand gesture. The flow of Qi should be regulated with the mind. Only after these abilities are attained, can one start applying this method to clinical treatments.
The sensation of Qi refers to the response felt by both Qigong doctors and patients during Qigong treatment. A Qigong doctor can diagnose the patient's disease and adjust the procedures of treatment according to his feeling as well as the patient's feeling of Qi.
1. The Sensation of Genuine Qi. The sensation of genuine Qi is often manifested as a slighdy warm, cold, tingling, constricting, flowing, or dragging sensation. In most cases, the direction, density, nature, and volume of the genuine Qi can be sensed.
2. The Sensation of Filthy Qi. The sensation of filthy is also referred to as the pathogenic message, which is different from the pathogenic factors of infectious disease found in modern medicine. Pathogenic message in Qigong terms can be classified as:
Cold Feeling. The Qi felt is especially cold. It may be so cold that when one gets such feeling, his fingertips get cold immediately, the terminal blood vessels will contract rapidly, and the coldness will transmit from the fingertips upwards, causing shivering and contraction of the pores.
Feeling of Dryness-Heat. This pathogenic message is felt on the body or hands of the Qigong doctor. The sensation may be a feeling of dryness-heat making him restless as if he were near a fire and being scorched.
Feeling of Soreness and Numbness. When such feeling occurs, one will experience local numbness and discomfort.
Filthy Qi can be felt when the Qigong doctor is standing or sitting opposite the patient or when the doctor is emitting towards the patient. It gives the Qigong doctor an unbearable offensive feeling. It is said that, since the ancient times, there have existed five kinds of internal pathogenic Qi such as joy and sorrow and six external pathogenic factors such as heat and wind. Sometimes a pathogenic factor can be sensed exactly if the Qigong doctor is quite attentive.
4.3.5 The Effects of Qi in Patients.
When Qigong doctors emits Qi to treat patients, most patients feel the following effects.
1. Sensitive Effect. When a Qigong doctor emits Qi, some patients may immediately or gradually get a feeling similar to that which occurs during Qigong practice such as cold, hot, depressing, towing, creeping, tingling, heavy, light, floating or sinking. This sensation represents a kind of effect occurring when Qi circulates in the channels and acts on affected areas to reach its focus. These feelings represent the sensitive effect.
2. Dynamic Effect. When a doctor emits Qi, the patient may immediately or gradually show involuntary movement of a certain part of the extremities or of the whole body. Some patients may have mild muscular tremor, others may get movements of the extremities in large amplitude. Such involuntary movements represent the dynamic effect.
3. Photoelectric Effect. When receiving outgoing Qi, some patients may feel a sensation of electric shock in the extremities. Others, with their eyes closed mildly, may see pictures of different shapes—most of which are circular, patchy, or lightning like. Such sensations are known as the photoelectric effect.
4. Sound Effect. Some patients may hear sounds such as "La-La," "Long-Long," or "Zhi-Zhi" when they receive outgoing Qi.
5. Smell Effect. Some patients may smell a special odor when receiving outgoing Qi and treatment. The odor varies in different patients. It may be the fragrance of sandalwood or that of flowers.
6. Syncope Induced by Qiqong. When receiving Qigong, a few patients may sweat all over and have fester heart rates than can be seen in fainting from acupuncture. Some patients may get syncope (feinting) although they may have no apparent sensation of Qi as a dynamic phenomenon. In some, illness may improve markedly after they have experienced syncope. If syncope occurs, the Qigong doctor should make the patient lie supine and perform digital tapping on the points Baihui (Du 20), Mingmen (Du 4),Jianjing (G.B. 21), and Yintang (Extra 1), and do grasping manipulation on Jianjing (G.B. 21). The doctor should then conduct Qi along the Ren and Du Channels so it returns to its origin. The patient will then recover quickly.
Of the sensations mentioned above those described as Sensitive Effect occur most frequently. The Dynamic Effect occurs in a few patients, and the other phenomena occur very rarely. These responses to Qi represent a special state of the sense and motion organs in the patients who have received the outgoing Qi treatment. It is a factor that depends on the sensitivity of the sense organs and the channels of the patient rather than the pure therapeutic effect produced by working on the diseased site. Some patients may show no apparent effect but recover very quickly after several courses of treatment and gain sensation of Qi gradually. Some may have no marked improvement, yet they may experience a strong reaction. This is indeed a rather complicated problem, which awaits further studies.
The Closing Form for Patients. When the Qigong doctor emits Qi to the patient, the patient may respond involuntarily as if he or she were also doing the exercises. When the treatment is over, the doctor should relax the patient by restoring the patient's Qi to its origin by means of hand manipulations (such as digital tapping, patting, percussing, rubbing, and rocking) as the conditions require.
The Closing Form for Qigong Doctors. To stop emitting, the Qigong doctor should direct his or her Qi slowly back to the Dantian and draw the hands off the emitting gesture. The doctor should then readjust the mind, breathing, and posture and bring genuine Qi back to its origin. If affected by pathogenic Qi, the doctor should first expel it and then carry out the readjustment.
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