Boston Mass USA

YMAA Publication Center Main Office:

4354 Washington Street

Boston, Massachusetts, 02131

617-323-7215 • [email protected]

Copyright ©2000 by Yang, Jwing-Ming Second Edition

Cover design by Richard Rossiter


All rights reserved including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form.

Publisher's Cataloging in Publication

(Prepared by Quality Books Inc.)

Yang, Jwing-Ming, 1946-

Qigong, the secret of youth : Da Mo's muscle/tendon and marrow/brain washing classics / Dr. Yang Jwing-Ming. -- 2nd ed. p. cm. — (Qigong—in depth ; 2) Includes index.

First ed. published in 1989 under title Muscle/tendon changing and marrow/brain washing chi kung. LCCN: 99-69439 ISBN: 1-886969-84-1

RM727.C54Y36 2000 610'.951



The authors and publisher of this material are NOT RESPONSIBLE in any manner whatsoever for any injury which may occur through reading or following the instructions in this manual. The activities, physical or otherwise, described in this material may be too strenuous or dangerous for some people, and the reader(s) should consult a physician before engaging in them.

Printed in Canada

Jiang Xian

About Li, Qing-Yun

Li, Qing-Yun was born in 1678 A.D. (Qing Kang Xi 17th Year, yfMB + ^Z-) in Qi Jiang Xian, Sichuan province Later he immigrated to Kai Xian, Chen's family field (Chen Jia Chang, \j$J% ). He died in 1928 A.D. at the age of 250 years. When he was 71 years old (1749 A.D., Qing Qian Long 14th year, he joined the army of provincial Commander-in-Chief Yue, Zhong-Qi Most of his wives died early, so during the course of his life he married fourteen times.

Li was a herbalist, and skilled in Qigong and spent much of his life in the mountain ranges. In 1927 General Yang Sen invited Li to his residence in Wan Xian, Sichuan province (raJilSH), where a picture was taken of him. Li died the next year when he returned from this trip.

After he died, General Yang investigated Li's background to determine the truth of his story, and later wrote a report about him entitled: A Factual Account of the 250 Year-Old Good-Luck Man (Er Bai Wu Shi Sui Ren Rui Shiji, which was published by the Chinese and Foreign Literature Storehouse (Zhong Wai Wen Ku, t^h^c^), Taipei, Taiwan.

All of the information available indicates that the story is true. Li, Qing-Yun's legacy to us is the fact that it is possible for a human being to live more than 200 years if he or she knows how. Because of this we deeply believe that, if we humbly study and research, the day will come when everyone will live at least 200 years.


Romanization of Chinese Words. . Foreword by Master Mantak Chia

Preface—First Edition

Preface—New Edition


About the Author

xviii xvii xiii xv xi

Part One General Concepts

Chapter 1. Introduction

1.1 The Value of Tradition

1.2 What are Yi Jin Jing and Xi Sui Jing?

1.3 How the Yin Gin Ching and Xi Sui Jing Have Affected Chinese Culture

1.4 The Value of the Yi Jin Jing and Xi Sui Jing in Today's World

1.5 How to Approach This Book

1.6 About This Book

Chapter 2. Historical Survey 21

2.1 Before Da Mo

2.2 Da Mo, the Yi Jin Jing and Xi Sui Jing

2.3 After Da Mo

2.4 Stories

Chapter 3. Buddhist and Daoist Qigong 41

3.1 Buddhist and Daoist Qigong

3.2 The Differences between Buddhist and Daoist Qigong

3.3 The Two Major Styles of Daoist Qigong

Chapter 4. Kan and Li 55

4.1 What are Kan and Li?

4.2 Kan and Li in Modern Science

4.3 The Keys to Kan and Li Adjustment

4.4 Kan and Li in Yi Jin Jing and Xi Sui Jing

Part Two

Muscle/Tendon Changing Qigong (Yi Jin Jing)

Chapter 5. Theories and Principles 73

5.1 Introduction

5.2 General Concepts from Old Documents

5.3 Purposes, Advantages, and Disadvantages

5.4 Wai Dan and Nei Dan Yi Jin Jing

5.5 Wai Zhuang and Nei Zhuang

5.6 Iron Shirt and Golden Bell Cover

5.7 Training Theory

5.8 Other Concerns

Chapter 6. Yi Jin Jing Qigong Training 119

6.1 Important Training Rules

6.2 Who Can Train?

6.3 Keys to Training

6.4 When to Train

6.5 Wai Dan Yi Jin Jing Training

6.6 Nei Dan Yi Jin Jing Training

6.7 Yi Jin Jing Training Schedule

6.8 Other Considerations

6.9 Conclusion

Part Three

Marrow/Brain Washing Qigong (Xi Sui Jing)

Chapter 7. Theories and Principles 191

7.1 Introduction

7.2 The Eight Vessels and Xi Sui Jing Qigong

7.3 Theories

7.4 Training Concepts

7.5 Wai Dan and Nei Dan Xi Sui Jing

Chapter 8. Xi Sui Jing Qigong Training 225

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Who is Qualified to Train?

8.3 Poetry

8.4 Refining the Essence and Converting It into Qi (Lian Jing Hua Qi)

8.5 Purifying Qi and Converting It into Shen (Lian Qi Hua Shen)

8.6 Washing the Marrow and Conquering the Hair (Xi Sui Fa Mao)

8.7 Refining Shen and Returning It to Nothingness (Lian Shen Fan Xu)

8.8 Crushing the Nothingness (Fen Sui Xu Kong)

Part Four

Questions and Conclusion

Chapter 9. Questions 275

Chapter 10. Conclusion 281

Appendix A. Herbal Prescriptions for Yi Jin Jing and Xi Sui Jing Training 285

Appendix B. Glossary of Chinese Terms 297

Index 309

Romanization of Chinese Words

Romanization of Chinese Words

This book uses the Pinyin romanization system of Chinese to English. Pinyin is standard in the People's Republic of China and in several world organizations, including the United Nations. Pinyin, which was introduced in China in the 1950s, replaces the Wade-Giles and Yale systems. In some cases, the more popular spelling of a word may be used for clarity.

Some common conversions!


Also Spelled As






Chi Kung

che kUng

Qin Na

Chin Na

chin na



. Y jin


Kung Fu

go ng foo


Tai Chi Chuan

ti je chu en

For more information, please refer to The People's Republic of China: Administrative Atlas, The Reform of the Chinese Written Language, or a contemporary manual of style.


Master Mantak Chia

There is a growing wave of popular interest in Qigong now, both in China and the rest of the world. To learn Qigong, the most important prerequisite is to have a qualified instructor. Unfortunately, masters who really know the full internal system of Qi development are few and far between.

Even if one finds an instructor who is qualified, receiving instruction from him or her may be another matter. When I visited Taiwan in 1987, the going price for learning Bone Marrow Nei Gong (part of the Iron Shirt Qigong training) was about two thousand U.S. dollars for ten hours of instruction. Students were also required to take an oath of absolute secrecy, promising not to teach anyone else. Other masters required their students to serve them slavishly for years before imparting their secrets, and even then they would only teach a select few. After all of that, the master might still hold back some of the teachings for fear that the student might surpass him in knowledge and skill and usurp his position.

However, the world is quite different now. In the olden days, using Iron Shirt practice to strengthen the body so that it could withstand blows was regarded as a military secret of great value, and thus kept private. In the twentieth century with guns, planes and bombs, the need for this secrecy is outmoded. Now the deeper benefits of the training such as its ability to rejuvenate and energize the body and mind for health, spiritual development, and healing, must be emphasized. I feel it is now necessary to have full disclosure of these treasures to improve the energy and spiritual well-being of the world.

If Chinese masters have traditionally been secretive about teaching their Chinese students the true methods, they have been even more reluctant to teach foreigners. Fortunately, quite a few masters, including Dr. Yang, Jwing-Ming and myself, have broken through this cultural barrier, and are offering to teach students who are sincerely interested in learning, regardless of nationality.

Dr. Yang has done considerable research, exploring the I Chin Ching (or Yi Jin Jing) and Iron Shirt Qigong within both historical and scientific contexts. Readers not fluent in the Chinese language will appreciate Dr. Yang's translations of the various ancient texts relating to these methods, and all readers should enjoy his breakdown and analysis of the different historical purposes of I Chin Ching and Iron Shirt among both the Daoists and the Buddhists.

Dr. Yang and I also share the view that it is essential to do our best to understand Qigong in the light of modern science, while still respecting the wisdom and research we have inherited from our own masters of the past. Chinese medical theory has a deep understanding of Qi and the energetic network of the body. As we combine this with the knowledge of Western anatomy, physiology and psychology, along with recent discoveries in bioelectricity, we will surely enjoy the best of both worlds.

Dr. Yang, Jwing-Ming's book is a major contribution to the literature of Chinese Qigong. It is my hope that works such as this will continue to appear, so that the standards for Qigong practice around the world will not deteriorate behind a wall of secrecy, but will, through open sharing of our knowledge, rise to an unprecedented level of excellence.

Master Mantak Chia t|t ^ it


First Edition

Muscle/Tendon Changing (Yi Jin, i) and Marrow/Brain Washing (Xi Sui, &ft) Qigong have been known in China since the Liang dynasty (502 A.D., S). However, they were kept secret, and only in the last fifty years has this knowledge gradually been revealed to the general public. Within a short period of time, these two arts have not only been widely adopted by Qigong practitioners, but they have also interested many Chinese medical scientists and bioscientists.

Muscle/Tendon Changing Qigong specializes in circulating Qi in the twelve primary Qi channels and the two major Qi vessels (Conception and Governing Vessels). The training will strengthen your physical body, including muscles and tendons, and maintain the smooth circulation of Qi in the primary channels and the internal organs, which is the key to maintaining health and slowing down the degeneration of the physical body.

Usually, after a practitioner becomes familiar with the Muscle/Tendon Changing Qigong, he will enter the deeper field of Qigong training, that of Marrow/Brain Washing. This teaches the practitioner how to fill up the Qi in the "eight extraordinary Qi vessels." In Chinese medicine, the vessels are considered reservoirs of Qi, and they regulate the Qi in the body's primary Qi channels and organs. A strong and abundant store of Qi is the key to keeping your body healthy and extending your life. Theoretically, your body deteriorates as you age mainly because your blood loses its ability to feed and protect your body. The red and white blood cells are produced by your bone marrow, but as you grow older, the marrow becomes "dirty," and produces fewer and fewer useful blood cells. However, if you know how to "wash" the marrow, it will start, once again, to produce fresh, healthy blood. Your body will begin to rejuvenate itself, and restore itself to the glowing health of youth.

Most important of all, the practitioner of Marrow/Brain Washing Qigong is able to lead Qi to his brain to nourish it, and to raise up his spirit. To the Daoists and Buddhists, Marrow/Brain Washing Qigong is the path to reach the final goal of enlightenment or Buddhahood. Part of Marrow/Brain Washing involves stimulating the sexual organs. In their thoroughness, the ancient Qigong practitioners discovered that, in addition to providing hormones, the genitals are also a potent source of the Qi which is necessary for the training.

The contents of this volume are drawn from the many published documents that I have collected. Once I understood them, I filtered out the questionable parts and, based on my own knowledge, added some theory and commentary. Although I believe that this book provides an in-depth discussion of these two arts, there is one deficiency, namely that we only discuss the training for the male. There are two reasons for this. The first is that the available documents have very little information on women's training. The second is that as a male I do not have the necessary experience. I do believe, however, that it doesn't matter whether you are male or female, the training theory remains the same. Female readers who would like more information about these two arts may refer to the book Bone Marrow Qigong, by Mantak Chia and Maneewan Chia.

In the next few years, YMAA will continue to publish more volumes of its in-depth Qigong book series for those readers who wish to advance their Qigong knowledge and practice into a deeper level.

The complete series will consist of:

1. The Root of Chinese Qigong—The Secrets of Qigong Training published


2. Muscle/Tendon Changing and Marrow/Brain Washing Qigong—The Secret of Youth (Yi Jin Jing and Xi Sui Jing), published 1989.

3. Qigong Massage—Qigong Tui Na and Cavity Press for Healing(Qigong An Mo and Qigong Dian Xue). First Volume: Qigong Massage—General Massage, published 1992. Second Volume: Healing Massage, in progress.

4. Qigong and Health—For Healing and Maintaining Health, in progress.

5. Qigong and Martial Arts—The Key to Advanced Martial Arts Skill. (New Title: The Essence ofShaolin White Crane, published 1996).

6. Buddhist Qigong—Chan, The Root of Ren (in progress).

7. Daoist Qigong (Dan Ding Dao Gong) (New Title: Small Circulation, Grand Circulation, in progress).

8. Tibetan Qigong (Mi Zong Shen Gong).

The first volume, The Root ofChinese Qigong introduced the historical background and the different categories of Qigong, Qigong theory and principles, and the keys to Qigong training. That volume provided a map of the world of Qigong. We recommend that you read that book before any of the others.

In this second volume, Muscle/Tendon Changing and Marrow/Brain Washing Qigong (original title), Part One will introduce the general concepts of the two arts, Part Two will discuss both theory and training principles of the Muscle/Tendon Changing Qigong, and Part Three will discuss the theory and the training of Marrow/Brain Washing Qigong. Finally, Part Four will contain a list of the questions which remain in my mind, and the Conclusion to the book.

Dr. Yang, Jwing-Ming,



New Edition

One of my dreams after I came to the USA in 1974 was to introduce traditional Chinese culture to the West. I believe that every culture in this world has its own independent, unique virtues which have already been tested, developed, and accepted over a long period of time. In ancient times, all of these different cultures and traditions were separated by the difficulty of travel and communication. Since travel and communication have become so convenient nowadays, I feel that the old separations should be bridged, and cultures should sincerely accept and learn from each other. If we share the experiences accumulated by the different human cultures, we will be able to remember the pain, the suffering, the hate, and the love, and we may be able to avoid making some of the same mistakes. We may even be able to help ourselves attain a higher standard of living both mentally, spiritually, and physically.

China has more than seven thousand years of history. The greatest contribution it can make to benefit the human race is to share the knowledge it has accumulated in the field of Qi. The study of Qi has contributed to the development of medicine, religion, martial arts, and methods for maintaining health and increasing longevity. Thousands of years of experience and experimentation have built up solid proof that this ancient medical and spiritual knowledge can help the human race.

In order to be content with life, you need to do more than just keep your physical body alive—you need to achieve mental and spiritual balance. The happiness comes from your feelings, not just from the enjoyment of material things. Looking at the Chinese and the American cultures, I see that people here consider the material sciences more important than the spiritual. The only place most people know of to find spiritual solace is in religious institutions. There are few people who can find comfort and mental balance within themselves. This is because Western culture has never placed much emphasis on researching the energy field which we have within ourselves, and so this spiritual inner science has never had a chance to develop.

China has been developing this inner energy science for thousands of years. China has been a pioneer in this field, but it is now time for the West to adopt this science: to see what it can learn from it, and what it can contribute to it. I deeply believe that Qigong is able to help people understand themselves better, re-establish their mental balance, and gain peace of mind.

I believe that the 20th century was a material century, in which all humans were searching for the solutions to material lack, and the enjoyment of material satisfaction. Now, many of us have reached a stage that allows us to be free from material bondage. In the last two decades, more and more people have been searching for spiritual freedom. During this transition period, the ancient tools described in this book seem to be more important than ever. The Muscle/Tendon Changing and Marrow/Brain Washing

Qigong classics have been the crucial guidelines and textbooks for the cultivation of spiritual enlightenment in Chinese Buddhist society for centuries. The methods taught in these two classics have been practiced and experienced for more than fourteen hundred years. Therefore, we should consider how they can provide us a correct path for our study today. Though many practices are not practical for today's society, they can offer us experience and theory, which we can then interpret through modern science for logical analysis and explanation. It is hoped that through this understanding, we can find an accessible way of reaching the same spiritual goals in today's world.

This book is a new edition of this work. The main changes to this new edition are:

• All of the Chinese translations in this book use the Pinyin system, which is more popular today.

• All of Chinese characters are computer generated which is much clearer than the hand drawn Chinese in all of our previous books.

• The glossary has been revised.

• The entire book has been re-typeset to make it easier to read.

I hope that through this effort, you will glean more of the art's essence from this book, and that it will stimulate your mind to think, ponder, and analyze. Through this process, we will all be able to borrow from the wisdom of the past to enlighten our life today.

Dr. Yang, Jwing-Ming March 10, 1999

Chapter 1

Was this article helpful?

0 0